Cerro Aucanquilcha

An old mine road to the summit of Cerro Aucanquilcha

Cerro Aucanquilcha is a massive stratovolcano located in the Antofagasta Region of Chile. An old mine road used to run to the top, but now much of it above 5.500m (18044ft) has been wiped out by landslides. For many years it was the highest drivable road in the world.

Set high in the northern part of the country, the road to the summit is totally unpaved. But it’s no longer usable by vehicles. The highest permanent human habitation was a miners' barracks at about 5,500 m (18,000 ft). Mining originally began on the volcano in 1913, initially using llamas as pack animals to carry down the sulfur. An aerial cable system extending for 22 km (14 mi) was completed in 1935, to lower the sulfur in buckets. Eventually this was replaced by the road which switchbacked up to the summit and was capable of supporting 20-ton mining trucks. Since the mine closed in 1993 much of the road has fallen into disrepair. It's one of the highest roads of Chile.

Menacing desert terrain with numerous steep, rocky climbs. Large, sharp rocks require tight maneuvering, increasing the likelihood of tire damage. Sulphur mine workings at 6,000m on the north side of Aucanquilcha have been serviced by motor vehicles. The road was constructed all the way to the summit. Due to landslides, motorised use is no longer possible and cycles cannot be ridden along some stretches. At 5,334m, a nearby village of the same name it is said to be the world's highest permanent settlement. This is an extremely tough road to try and climb up on a bike. The terrible surface and steep gradients meant that with loaded bikes you will have to push about 80% of the way from 4,000m to a high point at 5,130m. Although a number of people have taken their bikes to the summit, the surface on many stretches of the road is very bad. However, there are sections of rideable road all the way to the summit. At the summit itself it would also be possible to ride around a bit. The existence of the old road makes it relatively easy to get to the summit on foot if you are well acclimatized and the old mining camp at 5,280m makes a good base camp as there are walls to shelter your tent. The winds in this area can be fierce and especially in winter the nights can be extremely cold. It’s one of the highest roads of South America.
Pic: Diego Delso [CC BY-SA 4.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0)], via Wikimedia Commons


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