Highest roads of Europe

Highest roads of Europe

A signpost at the foot Col de la Bonette makes the claim "Col de la Bonette - Restefond, 2.802 m above sea level, the highest road in Europe". But this claim is incorrect for several reasons.

The two kilometre long teardrop shaped loop around the Cime de la Bonette peak (2.860m) from either side of the pass is one of the highest paved through route in the Alps, and in France. But there are more road passes whose altitudes are higher in Europe:

Mountain Road Elevation Country Surface
Mount Elbrus 4.044m (13,267ft) Russia Gravel
Terskol Ice base 3.675m (12,057ft) Russia Gravel
Testa Grigia 3.471m (11,387ft) Italy/Switzerland Gravel
Pico del Veleta 3.369m (11,053ft) Spain Asphalt
Theoudulpass 3.336m (10,944ft) Italy/Switzerland Gravel
Mount Erciyes 3.330m (10,925ft) Turkey Gravel
Yanıkçukur Road 3.304m (10,839ft) Turkey Gravel
Mount Ararat 3.291m (10,797ft) Turkey Gravel
Kırkamber Tepesi 3.238m (10,623ft) Turkey Gravel
Aladaglar National Park 3.232m (10,603ft) Turkey Gravel
Col des Ruillans 3.231m (10,600ft) France Gravel
Pointe du Bouchet 3.229m (10,593ft) France Gravel
Mount Artos 3.225m (10,580ft) Turkey Gravel
Collado de Carihuela 3.209m (10,528ft) Spain Gravel
Cime de Caron 3.182m (10,439ft) France Gravel
Yedigöller 3.173m (10,410ft) Turkey Gravel
Gaisskarferner 3.168m (10,393ft) Austria Gravel
Col du Jandri 3.165m (10,383ft) France Gravel 
Büyükejder Tepesi 3.155m (10,351ft) Turkey Gravel 
Karakaya Hill 3.148m (10,328ft) Turkey Asphalt
Hohsaas 3.146m (10,321ft) Switzerland Gravel
Doğu Anadolu Gözlemevi 3.139m (10,298ft) Turkey Asphalt
Monte Chaberton 3.131m (10,272ft) Italy-France Gravel
Passo del Madriccio 3.123m (10,246ft) Italy Gravel
Mount Etna 3.120m (10,236ft) Italy Gravel
Col de Thorens 3.118m (10,229ft) France Gravel
Collado El Lobo 3.115m (10,219ft) Spain Gravel
Hüdavendigar Dağı 3.111m (10,206ft) Turkey Gravel
Unterrothorn 3.109m (10,200ft) Switzerland Gravel
Aladaglar National Park 3.109m (10,200ft) Turkey Gravel
Akçaağıl Gölü 3.107m (10,193ft) Turkey Gravel
Refugio Villavientos 3.094m (10,150ft) Spain Gravel
Pik Terskol 3.092m (10,144ft) Russia Gravel
Soganli Daglari 3.092m (10,144ft) Turkey Gravel
Aladaglar National Park 3.089m (10,134ft) Turkey Gravel
Col du Plateau Rosa 3.088m (10,131ft) Italy Gravel
Uzungöl 3.087m (10,127ft) Turkey Gravel
Tekfur Tepesi 3.075m (10,088ft) Turkey Gravel
Bellecote 3.071m (10,075ft) France Gravel
Pic Blanc 3.067m (10,062ft) France Gravel
Refugio de la Caldera 3.053m (10,016ft) Spain Gravel
Baltaş Tepesi 3.047m (9,996ft) Turkey Gravel
Im Hinteren Eis 3.030m (9,940ft) Italy Gravel
Grande Motte 3.030m (9,940ft) France Gravel
Koçbaşı Tepe 3.028m (9,934ft) Turkey Gravel
Wurmkogl 3.023m (9,917ft) Austria Gravel
Tahir Gediği 3.022m (9,914ft) Turkey Gravel
Rifugio Pirovano 3.018m (9,901ft) Italy Gravel
Gaislachkogel 3.018m (9,901ft) Austria Gravel
Aladaglar National Park 3.010m (9,875ft) Turkey Gravel
Col de la Montée du Fond 3.007m (9,865ft) France Gravel
Col du Bouchet 3.004m (9,855ft) France Gravel
Moussa-Achitara 3.003m (9,852ft) Russia Gravel
Ziyaret dağı 3.002m (9,849ft) Turkey Gravel
Ala Dağlar 3.001m (9,845ft) Turkey Gravel
Aygır Gölü 3.001m (9,845ft) Turkey Gravel
Col de Caron 2.996m (9,829ft) France Gravel
Karabet Geçidi 2.994m (9,822ft) Turkey Asphalt/Gravel
Col del Sommeiller  2.993m (9,819ft) France-Italy Gravel
Passo dei Salati 2.988m (9,803ft) Italy Gravel
Cima Bianca 2.977m (9,767ft) Italy Gravel
Col de Rosael  2.977m (9,767ft) France Gravel
Mutkogel 2.972m (9,750ft) Austria Gravel
Inferno Mürren 2.970m (9,744ft) Switzerland Gravel
Col de l’Herpie 2.970m (9,744ft) France Gravel
Danakıran Road 2.961m (9,714ft) Turkey Gravel
Pivazok Tepesi 2.957m (9,701ft) Turkey Gravel
Çirmaniman Yaylası 2.954m (9,691ft) Turkey Gravel
Aiguille de Péclet 2.951m (9,681ft) France Gravel
Furggen 2.949m (9,675ft) Italy Gravel
Grand Col 2.939m (9,642ft) France Gravel
Col du Piéfroid 2.937m (9,635ft) France Gravel
Col des Lessières 2.936m (9,362ft) France Gravel
Pic de Château Renard 2.936m (9,362ft) France Gravel
Gornergrat 2.934m (9,625ft) Switzerland Gravel
Mount Tendürek 2.928m (9,606ft) Turkey Gravel
Çalyan Tepe 2.913m (9,557ft) Turkey Gravel
Passo delle Platigliole 2.908m (9,540ft) Italy Gravel
Col des Gentianes 2.906m (9,534ft) Switzerland Gravel
Cresta Sobretta 2.901m (9,517ft) Italy Gravel
Cime Bianche 2.899m (9,511ft) Italy Gravel
Festkogl 2.898m (9,507ft) Austria Gravel
Artabil 2.891m (9,484ft) Turkey Gravel
Marsis Mountain 2.888m (9,475ft) Turkey Gravel
Rifugio Bella Vista 2.887m (9,471ft) Italy Gravel
Mont Malamot 2.885m (9,465ft) France Gravel
Observatorio Sierra Nevada 2.885m (9,465ft) Spain Gravel
Laghi delle Cime Bianche 2.885m (9,465ft) Italy Gravel
Cugnai Lift
2.884m (9,471ft) France Gravel
Glacier du Varet 2.883m (9,458ft) France Gravel
Col des Becs de Bosson 2.882m (9,455ft) Switzerland Gravel
Col de la Chambre 2.879m (9,445ft) France Gravel
Corne de Sorebois 2.879m (9,445ft) Switzerland Gravel
Buvette d'Arolla 2.879m (9,445ft) Switzerland Gravel
Pic du Midi 2.877m (9,439ft) France Gravel
Viderjoch 2.876m (9,435ft) Switzerland-Austria Gravel
Greitspitz 2.876m (9,435ft) Switzerland-Austria Gravel
Rif. Francesco Petrarca 2.875m (9,432ft) Italy Gravel
Palinkopf 2.863m (9,393ft)  Switzerland/Austria Gravel
Grubengletscher 2.862m (9,389ft) Switzerland Gravel
Polot Tepesi 2.862m (9,389ft) Turkey Gravel
Collado de las Yeguas 2.859m (9,379ft) Spain Gravel
Parpaner Rothorn 2.857m (9,373ft) Switzerland Gravel
Observatorio del Pico Veleta 2.856m (9,370ft) Spain Asphalt
Col de la Bailletta 2.852m (9,356ft) France Gravel
Abano Pass 2.850m (9,350ft) Georgia Gravel
Schwarzsee 2.850m (9,350ft) Austria Gravel
Cima Ciantiplagna 2.849m (9,347ft) Italy Gravel
Güzeldere Geçidi 2.847m (9,340ft) Turkey Gravel
Mont de la Chambre 2.844m (9,330ft) France Gravel
La Colletta 2.843m (9,327ft) Italy Gravel
Gletscherexpress Bergstation 2.842m (9,324ft) Austria Gravel
Mamisoni Pass 2.836m (9,304ft) Georgia-Russia Gravel
Latpari pass 2.834m (9,297ft) Georgia Gravel
Arete de Sorebois 2.834m (9,297ft) Switzerland Gravel
Güldağı Tepe 2.834m (9,297ft) Turkey Gravel
Laghi di Cedèc 2.833m (9,294ft) Italy Gravel
Ötztal Glacier Road 2.830m (9,285ft) Austria Asphalt
Rifugio Madriccio 2.828m (9,278ft) Italy Gravel
Devedağı Tepesi 2.821m (9,255ft) Turkey Gravel
Alaca Dağ 2.814m (9,232ft) Turkey Gravel
Weinflaschenkopf 2.813m (9,229ft) Austria Gravel
Col de Lauzun 2.809m (9,215ft) France Gravel
Rifugio Duca degli Abruzzi 2.809m (9,215ft) Italy Gravel
Bergstation Grubenkopfbahn 2.806m (9,206ft) Austria Gravel
Monte Jafferau 2.805m (9,202ft) Italy Gravel
Köse Dağ 2.804m (9,199ft) Turkey Gravel
Col du Lac Blanc 2.803m (9,196ft) France Gravel
Cime de la Bonette 2.802m (9,193ft) France Asphalt
Sex de Marinda 2.797m (9,176ft)  Switzerland Gravel
Fuorcla Spadla 2.796m (9,173ft) Switzerland Gravel
Col dés Ves 2.793m (9,163ft) France Gravel
Pointe de la Masse 2.790m (9,153ft) France Gravel
Bellevarde 2.783m (9,130ft) France Gravel
Carosello 3000 2.783m (9,130ft) Italy Gravel
Klukhorskii Pass 2.781m (9,124ft) Russia-Georgia Asphalt
Col du Parpaillon 2.780m (9,120ft) France Gravel
Monte della Neve 2.779m (9,117ft) Italy Gravel
Mount Nemrut 2.779m (9,117ft) Turkey Gravel
Col de Fresse 2.777m (9,110ft) France Gravel
Heimischgarten 2.770 m (9,087m) Switzerland  Gravel
Col de l'Iseran 2.764m (9,068ft) France Asphalt 
Güzeldere Geçidi 2.763m (9,064ft) Turkey Asphalt
Col d’Entre les Tetes 2.760m (9,055ft) France Gravel
Karagöl 2.759m (9,051ft) Turkey Gravel
Passo dello Stelvio 2.757m (9,045ft) Italy Asphalt
Cap de les Raspes Roies 2.754m (9,035 ft) Spain Gravel
Dikenli Dağı 2.751m (9,025ft) Turkey Gravel
Einzeiger 2.751m (9,025ft) Austria  Gravel
Kaunertal glacier road 2.750m (9,022ft) Austria  Asphalt 
Col de la Met 2.750m (9,022ft) France Gravel
Palet 2.749m (9,019ft) France Gravel
Col de Viraysse 2.746m (9,009ft) France Gravel
Lac de Céma 2.745m (9,005ft) France Asphalt
Col Agnel-Agnello 2.744m (9,003ft) France-Italy Asphalt 
Col de Chassoure 2.739m (8,986ft) Switzerland  Gravel 
Kitzsteinhorn 2.738m (8,982ft) Austria  Gravel 
Forcella d’Entova 2.738m (8,985ft) Italy Gravel
Col de la Vallée Étroite 2.735m (8,973ft) France Gravel
L'Aiguille Percée 2.732m (8,963ft) France Gravel
Punta Bagna 2.730m (8,956ft) France Gravel
Colle Bettaforca 2.728m (8,950ft) Italy Gravel
İkizkaya Tepesi 2.726m (8,943ft) Turkey Gravel
Pico del Teide access 2.725m (8,940m) Spain Gravel
Col de La Madeleine 2.716m (8,910ft) France Gravel
Roche de Mio 2.716m (8,910ft) France Gravel
Col de la Bonette 2.715m (8,907 ft) France Asphalt
Platta de Grevon 2.715m (8,907ft) Italy Gravel
Rocher du Charvet 2.712m (8,897ft) France Gravel
Rifugio Pizzini 2.706m (8,876ft) Italy Gravel
Col des Vaux 2.705m (8,874ft) Switzerland Gravel 

Check here the highest asphalted roads of Europe.
Pic: Alexandr Demidov