Albula Pass (also called Passo dell'Albula) is a high mountain pass at an elevation of 2.315m (7,595ft) above the sea level, located in the Albula Range of the Alps, in the canton of Graubünden, Switzerland. The pass is open from June to October.
The road on the Albula Pass was constructed in 1865, and at that time was the most important north-south connection in Graubünden. The Albulapass starts from the Davos road in farmland in a valley, and has an almost constant set of corners until the gorge just before Bergün. After that the road gets worse. It ends up a very narrow, steep and bumpy road through the trees. The steep section is relatively short. This is a very varied pass road. Trees, rocks, hairpins and sweepers. Don’t forget your camera! Nowadays, this pass has very little traffic, because cars and trucks prefer the Julier Pass. The surface of the road is asphalt, and chains or snow tyres can be required anytime.
There are 3 possible routes to reach the summit. Starting from Bergün, the ascent is 13.8 km long. Over this distance, the elevation gain is 945 meters. The average percentage is 6.8 %. Starting from Tiefencastel, the ascent is 30.8 km long. Over this distance, the elevation gain is 1.461 meters. The average percentage is 4.7 %. And starting from La Punt, the ascent is 9.5 km long. Over this distance, the elevation gain is 629 meters. The average percentage is 6.6 %. This side is especially hard in the first kms. The hairpins wind you up high towards the valley with a very steep gradient. Once youve reached the valley it gets a little easier. Sometims the wind blows very hard from the top, so beware. The descent of this side, especially the lower half can be dangerous with bad surface, and little stones in the turns.
The Albula pass road connects the capital of Grisons Chur with the village La Punt in the Engadine. In past centuries it was a key alpine pass between Lombardy and Austria. In the southern approach, control of the Valtelline was much sought after, particularly during the Thirty Years' War. In the northern approach, Tarasp with its fortress, Tarasp Castle, was disputed between the Bishopric of Chur and the Counts of Tyrol. Since 1903 also a train connects both valleys at 1,823m height through a 5.9km long tunnel. The pass is also known as Pass d'Alvra or Pass da l'Alvra.