Puerto de Ibañeta is a classic road trip in northern Spain
Puerto de Ibañeta is a mountain pass at an elevation of 1.063m (3,487ft) above the sea level located in Navarra (Navarre) region, in northern Spain.
The road to the summit is totally paved in good conditions. It’s called N135. The pass has existed as an important crossing point since Roman times and has many names: Paso de Roncesvalles, Pass of Roncesvalles, Roncesvalles Pass, Puerto de Ibañeta; Ibañetako Mendatea and Col de Roncevaux. The pass divides the valley of the Nive on the north from the valley of the Irati on the south.
The pass is 16.4 km (10.19 miles) long, running south-north from Roncesvalles to Luzaide/Valcarlos. Set high in the Pyrenees mountain range, near the French border, access to the pass is typically open all year round, with the occasional closure in winters due to dangerous weather conditions. The road to the summit is very steep, hitting a 15% of maximum gradient through some of the ramps.
The summit is home to the modern church known as Ermita de San Salvador de Ibañeta. On top of the pass there’s a narrow paved mountain road (NA-2033) climbing up to Ortzanzurieta, a high mountain pass at an elevation of 1.570 m above the sea level. The road is 6km long.