Ma'ale HaAtzmaut is a short section of the Highway 40 located in the Negev desert of southern Israel.
The stretch of the road is asphalted and includes 4 long hairpin switchbacks. This part of the highway descends into the Ramon Crater, crosses it and then ascends 250 meters to reach Mitzpe Ramon.
Mitzpe Ramon is a town in the desert at an elevation of 860 meters (2,800 feet) above the sea level. Highway 40 is the second longest highway in the country.