Jvari pass

Jvari Pass and the Georgian Military Road

Jvari Pass (Cross Pass) is a high mountain pass at an elevation of 2.395m (7,857ft) above the sea level, located in Stepantsminda District, in the Mtskheta-Mtianeti region of eastern Georgia.

How long is Jvari Pass in Georgia?

The road to the summit, (also known as Krestovy Pereval) is called Georgian Military Road (part of the E117 Road). The pass is 39.2km (24.35 miles) long, running from Kvemo Mleta to Arsha. The road is an old route between Tbilisi (Georgia) and Vladikavkaz (Russia). It follows an old path used by invaders and traders throughout the ages. It had existed since before the 1st century BC, but had only evolved into a crude horse trail by the time the Russians finally converted it, through the Herculean efforts of 800 soldiers, into a carriage road in 1783. Known since antiquity (it was mentioned by Strabo in his Geographica and by Pliny), the Georgian Military Road in its present form was begun by the Russian military in 1799. An obelisk marks the altitude but the pass gets its name from a cross of red stone 500 meters to the right installed by General Alexei Yermolov in 1824 to replace one originally placed there by King David the Builder.

Is the road to Jvari Pass in Georgia paved?

The surface of the road is paved but in parts (because of the snow, earthquakes and bad weather) the surface is pretty bad, turning to gravel. The road is pretty busy and heavily used by trailer lorries. The road is pretty steep, hitting a 9% of maximum gradient through some of the ramps.

Is the road to Jvari Pass open?

Set high on the southern slopes of the Greater Caucasus Mountain, the pass is the highest point of the road. This part of the road is notorious for avalanches, but galleries have been built for winter traffic and the pass stays open for all but a few days most years. Altitude sickness (associated with the heights over 2,300 m) should not pose a problem on the road itself but it may affect travellers that venture off the highway into the mountains. Always check the weather forecast before you start your journey: adverse conditions are common. The road is typically open all year round, with the occasional closure in winters due to dangerous weather conditions, heavy snowfalls, blizzards and low visibility.

Is Jvari Pass in Georgia scenic?

Running across the Great Caucasus Range, the curvy road offers great mountainous views. The views are magnificent, and the air is of a purity that will make city dwellers weep. The road offers stunning views of Mt Kazbek. Along the road a broad orange waterfall originates in mineral spring (with iron in the water) on the mountainside. It is very important to check rainfall in this area before setting off and make sure you are well prepared for the trip. Near the pass the road passes the Russia–Georgia Friendship Monument, a large concrete monument built in 1983 to commemorate relations between both countries.



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