Mount Ughtasar is a high mountain pass at an elevation of 3.296m (10,813ft) above the sea level, located of the Ishkhanasar range in the Syunik Province of Armenia. The site is reached only by four-wheel drive in good weather (the best time to visit is between mid July and the end of August). It's one of the highest mountain roads of the country.
The road to the summit is extreme. It’s gravel and accessible only from mid-July to late August because of snow and it can be bitterly cold at the high site even in summer. The track is17km long, climbing 1,400m from the nearest settlement, and requires a 4x4. It takes about 90 minutes to drive to the site from Sisian although the last 500m has to be walked as the vehicle cannot make the steep ascent when fully laden. Mount Ughtasar can be reached following car tracks, which can be barely visible at times, for 15 km up to an altitude of 3,000 m. You then need to walk the remaining 500 m to the petroglyph field. The trip can be undertaken only in July and August, during good weather conditions. An experienced driver and guide are necessary to reach the site, and explain the most interesting designs. The weather on this zone is harsh and highly unpredictable and it does not take much time for the bright sun shine to change over to moderate to heavy snow fall. The road is dangerous because the extreme weather: blizzard, strong winds, fog, low visibility, black ice on some road sections and danger of avalanche are common. You can always see blocks of ice in the lake and the snow almost never melts completely in roundabouts.
The drive is definitely worth it. There are many excellent photo opportunities here. Don’t forget your camera! On the summit there’s a beautiful lake called Ughtasar lake and the famous Ughtasar Petroglyph Field, ghtasar Petroglyph Field. The name of the mountain derives from the word ught (meaning “camel”) due to its resemblance to a camel toe. The territory around the mountain and the mountain itself is famous for various petroglyphs engraved on the rocks. The latter are pictures depicted on black and grey stones of volcanic origin. You can find circles, spirals, spots, lines and other geometrical and abstract forms, as well as figures of animals and human beings, the hunting, cult and cosmos of the primeval person, flora and fauna in all its richness on those stones. These petroglyphs are of great importance till our days as they give us a complete picture of the primeval life including agriculture, fighting and dances. Curiously enough there are no birds on those petroglyphs.
Pic: Hrair Sargsyan