The road to Giza is the world’s oldest known paved road. Located on the west bank of the Nile, southwest of central Cairo, at over 4,600 years old, it was used to transport the enormous blocks of basalt for building from the quarries to a lake adjoining the Nile.
The world's oldest paved road was six and a half feet wide. It covered a distance of seven and a half miles – connecting the quarries to the Southwest of Cairo, to the quay on Lake Moeris which connected to the Nile. Apart from some construction ramps associated with the pyramids, the geologists said, there are no other paved roads known from ancient Egypt. In the Old Kingdom of ancient Egypt, demand for building stones for pyramids and temples led to the opening of many quarries in the low cliffs near the Nile River. The road was used to transport the enormous blocks of basalt from one of these quarries to Giza where they were used for building (especially for paving).
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